April 2017: Issue 123



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2. Crawley H and Westland S (2017) for First Steps Nutrition Trust. Infant Milks in the UK: A Practical Guide for Health Professionals. http://firststepsnutrition.org/newpages/Infants/infant_feeding_infant_milks_UK.html. Accessed 3/3/17

3. Crawley H and Westland S (2016). for First Steps Nutrition Trust. Infant Milk Composition. www.firststepsnutrition.org/pdfs/Infant_milk_composition_February2016.pdf Accessed 3/3/17

4. Koletzko B, Bhutta ZA, Cai W et al (2012). Compositional requirements of follow-up formula for use in infancy: recommendations of an International Expert Group coordinated by the Early Nutrition Academy. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, DOI: 10.1159/000345906

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7. European Food Safety Authority (2012). Scientific opinion on the suitability of goat milk protein as a source of protein in infant formulae and in follow-on formulae. Available at: www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/2603.htm Accessed 03/03/17

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13. World Health Organisation (WHO 2013). Information concerning the use and marketing of follow-up formula. www.who.int/nutrition/topics/WHO_brief_fufandcode_post_17July.pdf Accessed 03/03/17

14. Ballard O, Morrow AL (2013). Human milk composition: nutrients and bioactive factors. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 60, 49-74

15. McAndrew F, Thompson J, Fellows L, Large A, Speed M and Renfrew MJ for Health and Social Care Information Centre (2012). Infant Feeding Survey 2010. http://content.digital.nhs.uk/catalogue/PuB08694/Infant-Feeding-Survey-2010-Consolidated-Report.pdf Accessed 3/3/17

16. McFadden A, Mason F, Baker J, Begin F, Dykes F, Grummer-Strawn L, Kenney-Muir N, Whitford H, Zehner E, Renfrew MJ (2016). Spotlight on infant formula: coordinated global action needed. Lancet 387(10017): 413-5

17. Odom E, Li R, Scanlon K, Perrine C and Grummer-Strawn L (2013). Reasons for earlier than desired cessation of breastfeeding. Pediatrics, 18, 2012-1295. Available at: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org. Accessed 4/3/17

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19. Piwoz EG, Huffman SL (2015). The Impact of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes on WHO-Recommended Breastfeeding Practices. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 36 (4), pp 373-386

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21. World Health Organisation (WHO 1981). International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes. Geneva: Available from: www.who.int/nutrition/publications/infantfeeding/9241541601/en/. Accessed 3/3/17

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26. World Health Organisation (WHO 2013). Country implementation of the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes: status report 2011. Geneva

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17 NHS Five-year forward view (2014). Available at: www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/5yfv-web.pdf

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20 Elia M (on behalf of the Malnutrition Action Group of BAPEN and the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre (Nutrition) Southampton). The cost of malnutrition in England and the potential cost savings from nutritional interventions: BAPEN 2015



1 NICE Quality Standard [QS24]: Nutrition support in adults. www.nice.org.uk/guidance/qs24

2 The ‘Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool’ (‘MUST’) developed by the Malnutrition Advisory Group, a standing committee of BAPEN. www.bapen.org.uk/screening-and-must/must/introducing-must

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5 NICE Clinical Guidance CG32: Nutrition support for adults: oral nutrition support, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg32/

6 NICE Clinical Guidance CG174: Intravenous fluid therapy in adults in hospital https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg174

7 Based on Elia et al, Stratton et al (various publications). www.nutriciacongresses.com/congresses/presentation/62/new-evidence-on-the-costs-of-malnutrition-and-the-benefits-of-nutritional-support/

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3 Siervo M, Lara J, Ogbonmwan I, Mathers JC. Inorganic nitrate and beetroot juice supplementation reduces blood pressure in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Nutr. 2013. Jun; 143(6): 818-26. doi: 10.3945/jn.112.170233. Epub 2013 Apr 17. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23596162

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6 Wiese J, McPherson S, Odden MC, Shlipak MG. Effect of Opuntia ficus indica on symptoms of the alcohol hangover. Arch Intern Med. 2004; 164:1334-1340.

7 Tesoriere L, Allegra M, Butera D, Livrea MA. Absorption, excretion and distribution of dietary antioxidant betalains in LDLs: potential health effects of betalains in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Oct; 80(4): 941-5

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10 Figueroa A, Wong A, Hooshmand S, Sanchez-Gonzalez MA. Effects of watermelon supplementation on arterial stiffness and wave reflection amplitude in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2013 May; 20(5): 573-7. doi: 10.1097/GME.0b013e3182733794


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