NH-eNews Bulletin 12/05/2021
How bullying and obesity can affect girls' and boys' mental health
Depressive symptoms are more common in teenage girls than in their male peers. However, boys' mental health appears to be affected more if they suffer from obesity. Irrespective of gender, bullying is a considerably greater risk factor than overweight for developing depressive symptoms.
Vegetables lower risk for heart disease
Consumption of one cup of leafy green vegetables a day lowers risk for heart disease, according to research published in the European Journal of Epidemiology.
Mediterranean diet: Could it reduce dementia risk?
A study finds that the health benefits of a Mediterranean diet may include a reduced chance of developing dementia and memory loss.
Scientists propose a rethink of the role of carbs in obesity
A popular theory asserts that carbohydrates in food cause a spike in insulin, which promotes fat storage and increases appetite, leading to overeating.
Sugary drinks may double bowel cancer risk in women under 50
In adult women, drinking two or more sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) per day was associated with a doubling in the risk of developing early onset colorectal cancer (EO-CRC) in this study.
NH-eNews Bulletin 05/05/2021
Multivitamins, omega-3, probiotics, vitamin D may lessen risk of positive COVID-19 test
Taking multivitamins, omega-3, probiotics or vitamin D supplements may lessen the risk of testing positive for SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for COVID-19 infection -- at least among women, indicates a large population study.
Apetamin: Instagram criticised over weight gain drug
NHS England has urged Instagram to clamp down on accounts selling an unlicensed, "dangerous" drug mainly targeted at younger women and girls.
Replacing red and processed meat with mushrooms linked to a lower risk of early death
Replacing a daily serving of red or processed meat with one serving of mushrooms lowers the risk of dying from any cause, according to a study published in Nutrition Journal.
'Detox diets': Does science support the claims?
“Detox diets,” or eating plans designed to “detoxify” the body from toxic substances, are popular among people interested in improving their health. But are they beneficial or harmful?
Pret's allergy policies 'all over the place', jury told
Pret A Manger's policies on food allergens "were all over the place" when a student suffered a severe allergic reaction, a court heard.
NH-eNews Bulletin 28/04/2021
How diet influences gut bacteria and inflammation
According to the authors of the new study, the gut microbiome influences the balance of pro- and anti-inflammatory responses in our digestive system and throughout our immune system.
Marcus Rashford and Tom Kerridge launch cooking campaign
Footballer Marcus Rashford and Michelin-starred chef Tom Kerridge have teamed up to launch an initiative aimed at teaching families to cook healthy meals on a budget.
Meatpacking plants increase COVID-19 infection rates
Meatpacking plants increase per capita COVID-19 infection rates by as much as 160% in their respective counties, according to an article published in Food Policy.
'Good' cholesterol may help combat inflammation in cardiovascular health
According to a new study, testing how well high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or “good,” cholesterol reduces inflammation may help identify people who are more likely to develop cardiovascular disease associated with atherosclerosis.
Higher mushroom consumption is associated with a lower risk of cancer
Higher mushroom consumption is associated with a lower risk of cancer, according to a new study. The systematic review and meta-analysis examined 17 cancer studies published from 1966 to 2020. Analyzing data from more than 19,500 cancer patients, researchers explored the relationship between mushroom consumption and cancer risk.
NH-eNews Bulletin 21/04/2021
Vegetarian diets reduce risk of death from heart disease
Vegetarian diets reduce the risk of death from ischemic heart disease, according to a meta-analysis published in the American Journal of Preventive Cardiology. Researchers reviewed eight observational studies that compared vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets with mortality.
Student's heart failure linked to 'excessive' energy drinks
A 21-year old university student developed heart failure after "excessive" consumption of energy drinks, a new report suggests.
New research disputes the biggest soy myths
New research addresses myths surrounding soy intake in an article published in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition.
Underweight and overweight women at higher risk of successive miscarriages
A new study has shown that underweight and overweight women are at a significantly higher risk of experiencing recurrent miscarriages compared to those of average weight.
Uncovering the secret of the hunger switch in the brain
Researchers have revealed the mechanism of action of the master switch for hunger in the brain: the melanocortin receptor 4, or MC4 receptor for short. They have also clarified how this switch is activated by setmelanotide (Imcivree), a drug recently approved for the treatment of severe obesity caused by certain genetic changes.
NH-eNews Bulletin 14/04/2021
Cocoa may protect males' hearts from the effects of mental stress
In the first study of its kind, researchers found that drinking cocoa may protect males’ blood vessels against the harmful effects of psychological stress.
How and why does diet influence immune function?
We may take it for granted that our diet can influence the way our immune systems work. But how and why does what we eat impact the immune response?
Beetroot juice may boost health via changes in oral bacteria
A new study in older people suggests that drinking beetroot juice, which is rich in inorganic nitrate, promotes the growth of oral bacteria that are associated with these benefits.
A sulfosugar from green vegetables promotes the growth of important gut bacteria
A team of scientists has analyzed how microbes in the gut process the plant-based, sulfur-containing sugar sulfoquinovose. Their study discovered that specialized bacteria cooperate in the utilization of the sulfosugar, producing hydrogen sulfide. This gas has disparate effects on human health: at low concentrations, it has an anti-inflammatory effect, while increased amounts of hydrogen sulfide in the intestine, in turn, are associated with diseases such as cancer.
Why some of us are hungry all the time
New research shows that people who experience big dips in blood sugar levels, several hours after eating, end up feeling hungrier and consuming hundreds more calories during the day than others.
NH-eNews Bulletin 07/04/2021
Sugar not so nice for your child's brain development, study suggests
New research has shown in a rodent model that daily consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages during adolescence impairs performance on a learning and memory task during adulthood. The group further showed that changes in the bacteria in the gut may be the key to the sugar-induced memory impairment.
Diets rich in nitrates from vegetables improve muscle function
Diets rich in nitrates from vegetables improve muscle function, according to a study published in the Journal of Nutrition.
Short-term increase in fiber alters gut microbiome
Researchers have found that a 2-week increase in fiber intake can significantly alter a person’s gut microbiome, including increasing species of bacteria that break down fiber.
Can a common food preservative harm the immune system?
A recent study has assessed the harmful effects of chemical food additives and food contact substances on the immune system.
Egg consumption increases mortality risk
Egg consumption increases risk for all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality, according to a study published in the European Journal of Nutrition.
NH-eNews Bulletin 24/03/2021
Dementia: 25 grams of processed meat per day may raise relative risk
An observational study suggests there is a link between consuming 25 grams (g) of processed meat per day — which amounts to around one rasher of bacon — and a 44% higher risk of dementia.
Consumption of ultra-processed foods increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality
Consumption of ultra-processed foods increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality, according to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Mediator drug: French pharmaceutical firm fined over weight loss pill
A French drug maker has been found guilty of aggravated deceit and involuntary manslaughter over a weight loss pill at the centre of a major health scandal.
Study suggests drinking coffee before exercise may help burn more fat
Previous research has shown an association between caffeine consumption and increased exercise performance. However, limited data exist on whether caffeine increases the body’s ability to burn fat.
Cholesterol may be key to new therapies for Alzheimer's disease, diabetes
A University of Arizona Health Sciences researcher examined the role of cholesterol in both Alzheimer's disease and Type 2 diabetes to identify a small molecule that may help regulate cholesterol levels in the brain, making it a potential new therapeutic target for Alzheimer's disease.