NH-eNews Bulletin 08/06/2021
Daily fruit consumption decreases risk of type 2 diabetes
Daily fruit consumption decreases risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Researchers compared fruit intake with blood sugar levels for 7,675 participants from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study.
Reduced cholesterol breakdown may accelerate dementia in males
There is a well-established connection between high cholesterol levels in the blood and dementia. However, cholesterol cannot cross the blood-brain barrier, so its link with dementia is hard to explain. A new study suggests that bile acids, the breakdown products of cholesterol, are detectable in the brain and play a vital role in healthy brain function.
Obesity may increase risk of long-term complications of COVID-19, study shows
Among COVID-19 survivors, risk of hospital admission after the acute phase of the disease was 30 percent higher in patients with obesity
Diabetes: Diet and weight loss may reduce need for blood pressure drugs
In a study of people with type 2 diabetes and obesity on a low energy replacement diet within a structured intensive weight loss program, 28% of participants could stop blood pressure medication for at least 2 years.
Food scientists aim to make plant-based protein tastier and healthier
As meat-eating continues to increase around the world, food scientists are focusing on ways to create healthier, better-tasting and more sustainable plant-based protein products that mimic meat, fish, milk, cheese and eggs.
NH-eNews Bulletin 02/06/2021
Dairy milk may lower cholesterol and reduce coronary heart disease risk
A new study suggests that drinking dairy milk may lower cholesterol levels. The study consists of a meta-analysis of three surveys involving over 400,000 individuals. The scientists found that even though drinking milk leads to higher body mass index (BMI) and body fat, it still lowers the risk of coronary heart disease.
Iron disease haemochromatosis: Wrexham poet's diagnosis
Haemochromatosis. It's a tough word to get your head around, even for someone who makes a living from speech. The diagnosis of the inherited condition was a shock for Welsh performance poet Evrah Rose. The disorder means you absorb too much iron, and it can start to damage other parts of your body.
Calories on menus 'will cost thousands of pounds'
Restaurants say plans to display the calorie content of food on menus in England should be delayed while the sector recovers from the pandemic. There are fears that the move will add extra costs to businesses at a time when they are least able to afford it.
Does being part of a larger family raise cardiovascular risk?
A recent study investigated the association between the number and relative age of siblings and the combined risk of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events. The results suggest that being part of a larger family with multiple siblings or being a second- or third-born sibling could increase the risk of cardiovascular events.
Causal mechanism of link between cancer and obesity
A review study advances knowledge about the connection between obesity-associated inflammation and cancer. The researchers suggest that inflammatory cells with immunosuppressive properties may act as a critical biological link between obesity and cancer risk, progression, and metastasis.
NH-eNews Bulletin 26/05/2021
Plant-based diets support muscle gain and strength
Plant-based diets support muscle mass gain among young adults, according to a study published in Sports Medicine.
Game on: Game-based program boosts physical activity among diabetes patients
Researchers showed that adding gamification with either competition or support increased physical activity for patients with Type 2 diabetes.
A complex link between body mass index and Alzheimer's
Though obesity in midlife is linked to an increased risk for Alzheimer's disease, new research suggests that a high body mass index later in life doesn't necessarily translate to greater chances of developing the brain disease.
Is the microbiome another organ? Maybe we should treat it as such
In this feature, we hear from two United Kingdom-based researchers whose work focuses on obesity and metabolism: Dr. Petra Hanson and Dr. Thomas M. Barber. They discuss the microbiome, the marketing hype behind probiotics, and the future direction of research.
Vast under-treatment of diabetes seen in global study
Nearly half a billion people have diabetes, but most aren't getting the kind of care that could make their lives healthier, longer and more productive, according to a new global study of data from people with the condition. Many don't even know they have the condition. Only 1 in 10 people with diabetes in the 55 low- and middle-income countries studied receive the type of comprehensive care that's been proven to reduce diabetes-related problems.
NH-eNews Bulletin 19/05/2021
Bacon and cured pork increase risk for Hepatitis E
Consumption of bacon, cured pork, and other pork products increase the risk for hepatitis E, according to data published in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention journal Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Over a million needed hospital care for obesity
There were more than a million hospital admissions for obesity-related treatment in England in the year leading into the global pandemic, figures reveal.
'Insufficient evidence' that weight loss supplements work
Researchers have recently presented the results of the first global analysis in 19 years of clinical trials for weight loss supplements. Drawing on two literature reviews, they found insufficient evidence to warrant the recommendation of supplements for weight loss.
People at high genetic risk for colorectal cancer benefit more from lifestyle changes
People with a high polygenic risk score for colorectal cancer could benefit more at preventing the disease by leading healthy lifestyles than those at lower genetic risk, according to a new study.
Vegan diets do not increase risk for hip fractures with calcium and vitamin D supplements
Vegan diets do not increase the risk for hip fractures when combined with calcium and vitamin D supplementation, according to a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
NH-eNews Bulletin 12/05/2021
How bullying and obesity can affect girls' and boys' mental health
Depressive symptoms are more common in teenage girls than in their male peers. However, boys' mental health appears to be affected more if they suffer from obesity. Irrespective of gender, bullying is a considerably greater risk factor than overweight for developing depressive symptoms.
Vegetables lower risk for heart disease
Consumption of one cup of leafy green vegetables a day lowers risk for heart disease, according to research published in the European Journal of Epidemiology.
Mediterranean diet: Could it reduce dementia risk?
A study finds that the health benefits of a Mediterranean diet may include a reduced chance of developing dementia and memory loss.
Scientists propose a rethink of the role of carbs in obesity
A popular theory asserts that carbohydrates in food cause a spike in insulin, which promotes fat storage and increases appetite, leading to overeating.
Sugary drinks may double bowel cancer risk in women under 50
In adult women, drinking two or more sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) per day was associated with a doubling in the risk of developing early onset colorectal cancer (EO-CRC) in this study.
NH-eNews Bulletin 05/05/2021
Multivitamins, omega-3, probiotics, vitamin D may lessen risk of positive COVID-19 test
Taking multivitamins, omega-3, probiotics or vitamin D supplements may lessen the risk of testing positive for SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for COVID-19 infection -- at least among women, indicates a large population study.
Apetamin: Instagram criticised over weight gain drug
NHS England has urged Instagram to clamp down on accounts selling an unlicensed, "dangerous" drug mainly targeted at younger women and girls.
Replacing red and processed meat with mushrooms linked to a lower risk of early death
Replacing a daily serving of red or processed meat with one serving of mushrooms lowers the risk of dying from any cause, according to a study published in Nutrition Journal.
'Detox diets': Does science support the claims?
“Detox diets,” or eating plans designed to “detoxify” the body from toxic substances, are popular among people interested in improving their health. But are they beneficial or harmful?
Pret's allergy policies 'all over the place', jury told
Pret A Manger's policies on food allergens "were all over the place" when a student suffered a severe allergic reaction, a court heard.
NH-eNews Bulletin 28/04/2021
How diet influences gut bacteria and inflammation
According to the authors of the new study, the gut microbiome influences the balance of pro- and anti-inflammatory responses in our digestive system and throughout our immune system.
Marcus Rashford and Tom Kerridge launch cooking campaign
Footballer Marcus Rashford and Michelin-starred chef Tom Kerridge have teamed up to launch an initiative aimed at teaching families to cook healthy meals on a budget.
Meatpacking plants increase COVID-19 infection rates
Meatpacking plants increase per capita COVID-19 infection rates by as much as 160% in their respective counties, according to an article published in Food Policy.
'Good' cholesterol may help combat inflammation in cardiovascular health
According to a new study, testing how well high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or “good,” cholesterol reduces inflammation may help identify people who are more likely to develop cardiovascular disease associated with atherosclerosis.
Higher mushroom consumption is associated with a lower risk of cancer
Higher mushroom consumption is associated with a lower risk of cancer, according to a new study. The systematic review and meta-analysis examined 17 cancer studies published from 1966 to 2020. Analyzing data from more than 19,500 cancer patients, researchers explored the relationship between mushroom consumption and cancer risk.