May 2017 : Issue 124

Page 11 – Parenteral nutrition: a dietitian’s role

1 Silk DBA (1994). Organising Nutrition Support in Hospitals. BAPEN. ISBN 1899467009

2 NICE 2006. Nutrition support for adults etc

3 BAPEN guidance on Monitoring. updated 4th August 2016

4 Standard 3. ‘Work within the limits of your knowledge and Skills’. Standards of conduct performance and ethics HCPC 2016.

5 Model and Process for Nutrition and Dietetic Practise. BDA. 2016

7 Journal Royal Society of Medicine 84, 69-72. 1991

8 May J et al, British Journal of Surgery, 83, 1091-94. 1996

9 Marik et al, 2001. Effect of trickle feeds on mortality in critical care with TPN.

10 Todorovic V, Micklewright A (eds) 2011. A Pocket Guide to Clinical Nutrition.

11 NICE 2006. Nutrition support for adults: oral nutrition support, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition.

12 NCEPOD report: Parenteral Nutrition: A Mixed Bag (2010).

Page 16 – Student training in enteral feeding

1 British Dietetic Association (2013). A Curriculum Framework for the pre-registration education and training of dietitians. Accessed 19/02/2017;

2 Pappas C (2013).The Adult Learning Theory - Andragogy - of Malcolm Knowles. Accessed 08/03/2017;

3 Culatta R (2015). Andragogy (Malcolm Knowles). Accessed 08/03/2017;

4 Mobbs R. Honey and Mumford. Accessed 08/03/2017;

Page 20 – A stages-of-change perspective to diet, non-diet and health-gain approaches for weight concerns.

1 Mann T, Tomiyama AJ, Westling E, Lew AM, Samuels B and Chatman J (2007). Medicare’s Search for Effective Obesity Treatments: Diets Are Not the Answer, American Psychologist, 62 (3), 220-33

2 Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (2010). Management of obesity. A national clinical guideline. Page 18

3 Rothblum E and Solvay S (Eds) (2009). The Fat Studies Reader. New York; New York University Press.

4 Aphramor L. Mindfulness in healthy weight and diabetes. Journal of Diabetes Nursing, 19: 401-7; How Compassion Supports Innovation and Effectiveness in Addressing Weight Concerns: A Critical Review of Compassion Theory and Weight Science. Aphramor L. The Journal of Psychological Therapies in Primary Care, Vol. 5, July 2016: pp 26-46

5 N Krieger and S Sidney (1996). Racial discrimination and blood pressure: the CARDIA Study of young black and white adults. Am J Public Health. 86(10): 1370-1378.

6 Managing overweight and obesity in adults - lifestyle weight management services. May 2014. NICE guidelines [PH53]

7 BEDA. Accessed 10.3.2017

8 Bacon L and Aphramor L (2011). Weight science: evaluating the evidence for a paradigm shift. Nutrition Journal, 10:9 doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-10-9.

9 Tracy L Tylka, Rachel A Annunziato, Deb Burgard, Sigrún Daníelsdóttir, Ellen Shuman, Chad Davis and Rachel M Calogero (2014). The Weight-Inclusive versus Weight-Normative Approach to Health: Evaluating the Evidence for Prioritising Well-Being over Weight Loss. Journal of Obesity Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 983495, 18 pages

10 Well Now Facilitator Resources. Lucy Aphramor (2016). Accessed 1.3.2017 (password protected site) ASDAH curriculum for teaching HAES. Accessed 10.3.2017

11 Gingras J and Cooper C (2013). ‘Down the Rabbit Hole: A Critique of the ® in HAES®’, Journal of Critical Dietetics, 1(3), 2-5; Brady J and Gingras J (2016). Celebrating Unruly Experiences: Queering HAES as a Response to The Politics of Postponement. In W Mitchinson, D Macphail and J Ellison (Eds). Obesity in Canada: Historical and critical perspectives. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press

Page 33 - Phytates and cereals

1 Schlemmer U, Frølich W, Prieto RM, Grases F. Phytate in foods and significance for humans: food sources, intake, processing, bioavailability, protective role and analysis. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2009 Sep [cited 2012 Feb 27]; 53 (Suppl2): S330-75. Abstract available from:

2 Abdoulaye Coulibaly, Brou Kouakou and Jie Chen (2011). Phytic acid in cereal grains: structure, healthy or harmful ways to reduce phytic acid in cereal grains and their effects on nutritional quality. American Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilization Technology, 1: 1-22. URL:

3 Penn Nutrition: Vegetarianism.

4 Hithamani G and Srinivasan K (2017). Bioaccessibility of polyphenols from selected cereal grains and legumes as influenced by food acidulants. J Sci Food Agric, 97: 621-628. doi:10.1002/jsfa.7776

5 Hejazi SN1, Orsat VJ (2016). Malting process optimisation for protein digestibility enhancement in finger millet grain. Food Sci Technol 2016, Apr; 53(4): 1929-38. doi: 10.1007/s13197-016-2188-x. Epub 2016 Apr 18

6 Bartnik M, Szafranska I. Changes in phytate content and phytase activity during the germination of some cereals. J Cereal Sci. 1987 [cited 2012 Mar 26]: 5:23-8. Abstract available from:

7 Valencia S, Svanberg U, Sandberg AS, Ruales J. Processing of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd): effects on in vitro iron availability and phytate hydrolysis. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 1999 May [cited 2012 Mar 26]; 50 (3):203-11. Abstract available from:

8 Nielsen MM, Damstrup ML, Dahl Thomsen A, Rasmussen SK, Kjærsgård Rasmussen S, Hansen A. Phytase activity and degradation of phytic acid during rye bread making. Eur Food Res Technol. 2007 [cited 2012 Mar 26]: 225: 173-81. Abstract available from:

9 Brnić M, Hurrell RF, Songré-Ouattara LT, Diawara B, Kalmogho-Zan A, Tapsoba C, Zeder C, Wegmüller R. Effect of phytase on zinc absorption from a millet-based porridge fed to young Burkinabe children. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017 Jan;71(1):137-141. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2016.199. Epub 2016 Oct 19

10 Poblaciones MJ, Rengel Z. Soil and foliar zinc biofortification in field pea (Pisum sativum L): Grain accumulation and bioavailability in raw and cooked grains. Food Chem. 2016 Dec 1; 212: 427-33. Doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.05.189. Epub 2016 Jun 3

11 Christides T, Amagloh FK, Coad J. Iron bioavailability and Provitamin A from sweet potato and cereal-based complementary foods. Foods. 2015 Sep 18; 4(3): 463-476. doi: 10.3390/foods4030463

Page 37 – Ketogenic diet - the effects on adult epilepsy

1 Fisher RS, van Emde Boas W, Blume W, Elger C, Genton P, Lee P and Engel J Jr (2005). Epileptic seizures and epilepsy: definitions proposed by the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) and the International Bureau for Epilepsy (IBE). Epilepsia, 46, 470-2

2 Lindsay K, Bone I (1997). Neurology and Neurosurgery Illustrated. 3rd Ed. UK: Churchill Livingstone

3 World Health Organisation (WHO) (2016). Epilepsy [online] available at: [accessed 5 May 2016]

4 UCB Pharma (2008). Epilepsy and quality of life: fact sheet. available at: [accessed 17 May 2016]

5 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (2012). Epilepsies: diagnosis and management.

6 Wheless JW (2004). History and origin of the ketogenic diet. Epilepsy and the ketogenic diet. Springer

7 Schwartz RH, Eaton J, Bower BD and Aynsley-Green A (1989). Ketogenic diets in the treatment of epilepsy: short-term clinical effects. Dev Med Child Neurol, 31, 145-51

8 Barborka CJ (1928). Ketogenic diet treatment of epilepsy in adults. Journal of the American Medical Association, 91, 73-78

9 Wheless JW (2008). History of the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia, 49 suppl 8, 3-5

10 Kossoff EH and Dorward JL (2008). The Modified Atkins Diet. Epilepsia, 49 suppl 8, 37-41

11 Klein P, Tyrlikova I and Mathews GC (2014). Dietary treatment in adults with refractory epilepsy: a review. Neurology, 83, 1978-85

12 Payne NE, Cross JH, Sander JW and Sisodiya SM (2011). The ketogenic and related diets in adolescents and adults - a review. Epilepsia, 52, 1941-8

13 Henderson CB, Filloux FM, Alder SC, Lyon JL and Caplin DA (2006). Efficacy of the ketogenic diet as a treatment option for epilepsy: meta-analysis. J Child Neurol, 21, 193-8

14 Keene DL (2006). A systematic review of the use of the ketogenic diet in childhood epilepsy. Pediatr Neurol, 35, 1-5

15 Lefevre F and Aronson N (2000). Ketogenic diet for the treatment of refractory epilepsy in children: a systematic review of efficacy. Pediatrics, 105, e46

16 Pfeifer HH and Thiele EA (2005). Low-glycaemic-index treatment: a liberalised ketogenic diet for treatment of intractable epilepsy. Neurology, 65, 1810-2

17 Sharma S, Sankhyan N, Gulati S and Agarwala A (2013). Use of the Modified Atkins Diet for treatment of refractory childhood epilepsy: a randomised controlled trial. Epilepsia, 54, 481-6

18 Vining EP, Freeman JM, Ballaban-Gil K, Camfield CS, Camfield PR, Holmes GL, Shinnar S, Shuman R, Trevathan E and Wheless JW (1998). A multicentre study of the efficacy of the ketogenic diet. Arch Neurol, 55, 1433-7

19 Sirven J, Whedon B, Caplan D, Liporace J, Glosser D, O'Dwyer J and Sperling MR (1999). The ketogenic diet for intractable epilepsy in adults: preliminary results. Epilepsia, 40, 1721-6

20 Mosek A, Natour H, Neufeld MY, Shiff Y and Vaisman N (2009). Ketogenic diet treatment in adults with refractory epilepsy: a prospective pilot study. Seizure, 18, 30-3

21 Klein P, Janousek J, Barber A and Weissberger R (2010). Ketogenic diet treatment in adults with refractory epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav, 19, 575-9

22 Lambrechts DA, Wielders LH, Aldenkamp AP, Kessels FG, de Kinderen RJ and Majoie MJ (2012).The ketogenic diet as a treatment option in adults with chronic refractory epilepsy: efficacy and tolerability in clinical practice. Epilepsy Behav, 23, 310-4

23 Kverneland M, Selmer KK, Nakken Ko, Iversen PO, Tauboll E (2015). A prospective study of the Modified Atkins Diet for adults with idiopathic generalised epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 53: 197-201

24 Winesett SP, Bessone SK and Kossoff EH (2015). The ketogenic diet in pharmacoresistant childhood epilepsy. Expert Rev Neurother, 15, 621-8

25 Schoeler NE and Cross JH (2016). Ketogenic dietary therapies in adults with epilepsy: a practical guide. Pract Neurol, 16, 208-14

26 van der Louw EJ, Williams TJ, Henry-Barron BJ, Olieman JF, Duvekot JJ, Vermeulen MJ, Bannink N, Williams M, Neuteboom RF, Kossoff EH, Catsman-Berrevoets CE, Cervenka MC (2017). Ketogenic diet therapy for epilepsy during pregnancy: a case series. Seizure, 45: 198-201

27 The Charlie Foundation (2014). Classic ketogenic and modified ketogenic. The Charlie Foundation for Ketogenic Therapies. available at: [accessed 3 may 2016]

28 Helmholz HF (1927). The treatment of epilepsy in childhood: five years' experience with the ketogenic diet. Journal of the American Medical Association, 88, 2028-2032

Page 40 – Mindfulness and nutrition

1 Jon Kabat-Zinn (2014). Wherever you go there you are - Mindfulness meditations for everyday life.

3 Breath Works Mindfulness for Stress, A Four Session Course.

4 Susan Albers (2009) Eat, drink and be mindful