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  1. kidney balance

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive disease in which kidney function is lost over a period of years. It has a number of consequences including cardiovascular diseases, osteodystrophy, pericarditis and anaemia. It is most commonly caused by diabetes or untreated high blood pressure, but can also arise due to inflammatory disorders. The progression of CKD is classified as stages 1-5, with stage 1 representing the very early phase with mild impairment of glomerular filtration rate, and stage 5 representing full renal failure.