Page 8 FOOD AND DRINK TRENDS IN 2020 – by Emma Berry
1 Waitrose (2019). Food and Drink Report 2019-2020. Online. Available at: Accessed 23rd November 2019
2 Whole Foods Market (2019). Our Top 10 Food Trends for 2020. Online. Available at: Accessed 23rd November 2019
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5 Seafish (2019). Protein consumption and recent trends in the UK. Online. Available at: Accessed 24th November 2019
6 British Nutrition Foundation (2018). Beans, pulses, fish, eggs, meat and other proteins. Online. Available at: Accessed 24th November 2019
7 British Nutrition Foundation (2017). Healthy eating for vegans and vegetarians. Online. Available at: Accessed 24th November 2019
8 Chai BC, van der Voort JR, Grofelnik K, Eliasdottir HG, Kloss I and Perez-Cueto JA (2019). Which Diet Has the Least Environmental Impact on Our Planet? A Systematic Review of Vegan, Vegetarian and Omnivorous Diets. Sustainability, 11(15), p4110
9 Oosterveer P (2015). Promoting sustainable palm oil: viewed from a global networks and flows perspective. Journal of Cleaner Production. 107, p146-153
10 World Wildlife Fund (2014). The Growth of Soy. Impacts and Solutions. Online. Available at: Accessed: 24th November 2019
11 Drink Aware (2019). Latest UK alcohol unit guidance. Online. Available at: Accessed 24th November 2019
12 Drink Aware (2019). Health Effects of Alcohol. Online. Available at: Accessed 24th November 2019
13 Jiang, T. Alan (2019). Health Benefits of Culinary Herbs and Spices. Publication date 1 March 2019.

1 Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. SACN report on Saturated fats and health (2019).
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8 Imamura F et al (2016). Effects of Saturated Fat, Polyunsaturated Fat, Monounsaturated Fat and Carbohydrate on Glucose-Insulin Homeostasis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomised Controlled Feeding Trials. PLoS Med. 13, e1002087
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11 Ference BA et al (2017). Low-density lipoproteins cause atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. 1. Evidence from genetic, epidemiologic, and clinical studies. A consensus statement from the European Atherosclerosis Society Consensus Panel. Eur Heart J 38, 2459-2472
12 Griffin BA (2017). Serum low‐density lipoprotein as a dietary responsive biomarker of cardiovascular disease risk: Consensus and confusion. Nutr Bull, 42: 266-273. doi:10.1111/nbu.12282
13 Antoni R et al (2019). A dietary exchange model to study inter-individual variation in serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol response to dietary saturated fat intake. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 78
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Page 19 CANCER AND KETO - Joanna Injore
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3 Erickson N, Boscheri A, Linke B et al (2017). Systematic review: isocaloric ketogenic dietary regimes for cancer patients. Med Oncol 34, 72
4 Klepper J and Leiendecker B (2013). Glut1 Deficiency Syndrome and Novel Ketogenic Diets. Journal of Child Neurology, 28(8), 1045-1048
5 Sofou K, Dahlin M, Hallböök T, Lindefeldt M, Viggedal G, Darin N (2017). Ketogenic diet in pyruvate dehydrogenase complex deficiency: short- and long-term outcomes. J Inherit Metab Dis. 40(2): 237-245
6 Allen BG, Bhatia SK, Anderson CM et al (2014). Ketogenic diets as an adjuvant cancer therapy: history and potential mechanism. Redox Biol 2, 963-970
7 Liberti MV, Locasale JW (2016). The Warburg Effect: How Does it Benefit Cancer Cells? Trends Biochem Sci.;41(3): 211-218
8 Weber DD, Aminzadeh-Gohari S, Tulipan J, Catalano L, Feichtinger RG, Kofler B (2019). Ketogenic diet in the treatment of cancer – Where do we stand? [Online]. Molecular Metabolism [Accessed 04 December 2019]. Available at
9 Schroeder U, Himpe B, Pries R et al (2013). Decline of lactate in tumor tissue after ketogenic diet: in vivo microdialysis study in patients with head and neck cancer. Nutrition and Cancer. 65: 843-9
10 Cohen CW, Fontaine KR, Arend RC, Soleymani T, Gower BA (2018). Favorable effects of a ketogenic diet on physical function, perceived energy and food cravings in women with ovarian or endometrial cancer: a randomised, controlled trial. Nutrients 10:1187
11 Cohen CW, Fontaine KR, Arend RC, Alvarez RD, Leath III CA, Huh WA, Bevis KS Kim KH, Straughn JM, Gower BA (2018). A Ketogenic Diet Reduces Central Obesity and Serum Insulin in Women with Ovarian or Endometrial Cancer, The Journal of Nutrition; 148; (8):1253-1260
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Page 22 - SPOTLIGHT ON… FOOD ACTIVE by Beth Bradshaw

Page 26 OBESITY AND ENERGY METABOLISM – MicrObesity – by Bogna Nicinska

1 World Health Organisation (WHO) Obesity and overweight. Fact sheet (2017)
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3 Dobell C. The discovery of the intestinal protozoa of man. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine. 1920;13 (Sect_Hist_Med): 1-15
4 Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre (2017)
5 Mulders RJ, de Git KCG, Schéle E, Dickson SL, Sanz Y, Adan RAH (2018). Microbiota in obesity: interactions with enteroendocrine, immune and central nervous systems. Obesity Reviews, 19(4), 435-451. doi:10.1111/obr.12661
6 Niccolai E, Boem F, Russo E and Amedei A (2019). The Gut–Brain Axis in the Neuropsychological Disease Model of Obesity: A Classical Movie Revised by the Emerging Director ‘Microbiome.’ Nutrients, 11(1), 156. doi:10.3390/nu11010156
7 OUP accepted manuscript. (2018). Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal. doi:10.1093/advances/nmy078
8 Vallianou N, Stratigou T, Christodoulatos GS, Dalamaga M (2019). Understanding the Role of the Gut Microbiome and Microbial Metabolites in Obesity and Obesity-Associated Metabolic Disorders: Current Evidence and Perspectives. Current Obesity Reports. doi:10.1007/s13679-019-00352-2
9 EP Nyangale, DS Mottram, GR Gibson. Gut microbial activity, implications for health and disease: the potential role of metabolite analysis. J Proteome Res, 11 (2012), p5573-5585
10 Gensollen T, Iyer SS, Kasper DL, Blumberg RS. How colonization by microbiota in early life shapes the immune system. Science 2016, 352, 539-544
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13 Bäumler AJ, Sperandio V. Interactions between the microbiota and pathogenic bacteria in the gut. Nature 2016, 535, 85-93
14 Rowland I, Gibson G, Heinken A, Scott K, Swann J, Thiele I, Tuohy K. Gut microbiota functions: Metabolism of nutrients and other food components. Eur J Nutr. 2018, 57, 1-24
15 EP Nyangale, DS Mottram, GR Gibson. Gut microbial activity, implications for health and disease: the potential role of metabolite analysis. J Proteome Res, 11 (2012), p5573-5585
16 Bercik P, Denou E, Collins J, Jackson W, Lu J, Jury J, Deng Y, Blennerhassett P, Macri J, McCoy KD et al. The intestinal microbiota affect central levels of brain-derived neurotropic factor and behavior in mice. Gastroenterology 2011;141(2): 599-609
17 Anitha M, Reichardt F, Tabatabavakili S, Nezami BG, Chassaing B, Mwangi S et al. Intestinal dysbiosis contributes to the delayed gastrointestinal transit in high-fat diet fed mice. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016; 2(3): 328-39. 1016/j.jcmgh.2015.12.008
18 Reichardt F, Chassaing B, Nezami BG, Li G, Tabatabavakili S, Mwangi S et al. Western diet induces colonic nitrergic myenteric neuropathy and dysmotility in mice via saturated fatty acid and lipopolysaccharide induced TLR4 signalling. J Physiol. 2017; 595(5): 1831-46.
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20 MJ Khan, K Gerasimidis, CA Edwards, MG Shaikh Role of gut microbiota in aetiology of obesity: proposed mechanisms and review of literature. J Obes (2016), p73536 Epub 2016
21 Cano PG, Santacruz A, Trejo FM, Sanz Y. Bifidobacterium CECT 7765 improves metabolic and immunological alterations associated with obesity in high-fat diet-fed mice. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2013; 21(11): 2310-21
22 Delzenne NM, Neyrinck AM, Bäckhed F, Cani PD. Targeting gut microbiota in obesity: effects of prebiotics and probiotics. Nat Rev Endocrinol 2011; 7: 639-646
23 Etxeberria U, Arias N, Boqué N, Romo-Hualde A, Macarulla MT, Portillo MP, Milagro FI, Martínez JA. Metabolic faecal fingerprinting of trans-resveratrol and quercetin following a high-fat sucrose dietary model using liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry. Food Funct 2015; 6(8): 2758-67
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Page 30 - DIET, FERTILITY AND IVF by Dr Mabel Blades
1 Human Fertilisation & Embryology Authority (2019). Fertility treatment 2017: trends and figures. May 2019
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3 NICE( 2010). Weight management before, during and after pregnancy. July 2010
4 Chavarro JE et al (2010). Body Mass Index in relation to semen quality, sperm DNA integrity and serum reproductive hormone levels among men attending an infertility clinic. Fertil Steril. May 1:93 (7)2222-31
5 NICE (2014). Vitamin D: increasing supplementation in at risk groups
6 Silva P (2016). MS risk linked to mothers with vitamin D deficiency in first trimester of pregnancy. March 8th, Multiple Sclerosis News Today
7 The UK Iodine Group (2019). Iodine in pregnancy and lactation (breastfeeding)
8 Falliah A et al (2018). Zinc an essential element in male fertility: A review of Zinc in men’s health
9 Lass A and Belluzzi A (2019). Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and IVF treatment. RBMO. Vol 38 issue 1
10 NHS information (2019). Planning your pregnancy. Accessed 31st Dec 19
11 Brooke V et al (2011). Effect of alcohol consumption on in vitro fertilisation. Obstet Gynecol. Jan 117(10 136-142)

1 NHS England. Multidisciplinary Team Handbook (2014). Accessed 16.11.19
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Page 38 - FUSSY EATING IN TODDLERS – by Sarah Lindsay Brown

1 Taylor CM and Emmett PM (2019). Picky eating in children: causes and consequences. Proc Nutr Soc 78, 161-169
2 Dovey TM, Staples PA, Gibson EL and Halford JCG (2008). Food neophobia and ‘picky/fussy’ eating in children: a review. Appetite 50, 181-193
3 Levene IR and Williams A (2018). Fifteen-minute consultation: The healthy child: ‘My child is a fussy eater!’ Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 103, 71-78
4 Zimmerman J and Fisher M (2017). Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID). Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care 47, 95-103
5 Taylor CM, Wernimont SM, Northstone K and Emmett PM (2015). Picky/fussy eating in children: Review of definitions, assessment, prevalence and dietary intakes. Appetite 95, 349-359
6 Chambers L (2016). Complementary feeding: Vegetables first, frequently and in variety. Nutr Bull 41, 142-146
7 Smith AD et al (2017). Food fussiness and food neophobia share a common etiology in early childhood. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 58, 189-196.
8 Bell KI and Tepper BJ (2006). Short-term vegetable intake by young children classified by 6-n-propylthoiuracil bitter-taste phenotype. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 84, 245-251
9 Fildes A et al (2014). Nature and nurture in children’s food preferences. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 99, 911-917
10 Taylor CM, Northstone K, Wernimont SM and Emmett PM (2016). Macro- and micronutrient intakes in picky eaters: a cause for concern? Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 104, 1647-1656.
11 Taylor CM, Northstone K, Wernimont SM and Emmett PM (2016). Picky eating in preschool children: Associations with dietary fibre intakes and stool hardness. Appetite 100, 263-271
12 Tharner A et al (2015). Bidirectional associations between fussy eating and functional constipation in preschool children. J. Pediatr. 166, 91-96
13 Galloway AT, Fiorito L, Lee Y and Birch LL (2005). Parental pressure, dietary patterns, and weight status among girls who are ‘picky eaters’. J Am Diet Assoc 105, 541-548
14 Samuel TM, Musa-Veloso K, Ho M, Venditti C and Shahkhalili-Dulloo YA (2018). Narrative Review of Childhood Picky Eating and Its Relationship to Food Intakes, Nutritional Status, and Growth. Nutrients 10
15 Taylor CM, Steer CD, Hays NP and Emmett PM (2019). Growth and body composition in children who are picky eaters: a longitudinal view. Eur J Clin Nutr 73, 869-878
16 Emmett PM, Hays NP and Taylor CM (2018). Antecedents of picky eating behaviour in young children. Appetite 130, 163-173
17 Gregory JE, Paxton SJ and Brozovic AM (2010). Maternal feeding practices, child eating behaviour and body mass index in preschool-aged children: a prospective analysis. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 7, 55
18 Gregory JE, Paxton SJ and Brozovic AM (2011) Maternal feeding practices predict fruit and vegetable consumption in young children. Results of a 12-month longitudinal study. Appetite 57, 167-172
19 Draxten M, Fulkerson JA, Friend S, Flattum CF and Schow R (2014). Parental role modeling of fruits and vegetables at meals and snacks is associated with children’s adequate consumption. Appetite 78, 1-7
20 Blissett J, Bennett C, Fogel A, Harris G and Higgs S 9 (2016). Parental modelling and prompting effects on acceptance of a novel fruit in 2-4-year-old children are dependent on children’s food responsiveness. Br J Nutr. 115, 554-564
21 Powell F, Farrow C, Meyer C and Haycraft E (2017). The importance of mealtime structure for reducing child food fussiness. Matern Child Nutr 13
22 Carruth BR, Ziegler PJ, Gordon A and Barr SI (2004). Prevalence of picky eaters among infants and toddlers and their caregivers’ decisions about offering a new food. J Am Diet Assoc 104, s57-64
23 Wardle J et al (2003). Increasing children’s acceptance of vegetables; a randomised trial of parent-led exposure. Appetite 40, 155-162
24 Caton SJ et al (2013). Repetition counts: repeated exposure increases intake of a novel vegetable in UK pre-school children compared to flavour-flavour and flavour-nutrient learning. Br J Nutr. 109, 2089-2097
25 Owen LH, Kennedy OB, Hill C and Houston-Price C (2018). Peas, please! Food familiarisation through picture books helps parents introduce vegetables into preschoolers’ diets. Appetite 128, 32-43
26 Walton K et al (2019). The Family Mealtime Observation Study (FaMOS): Exploring the Role of Family Functioning in the Association between Mothers’ and Fathers’ Food Parenting Practices and Children’s Nutrition Risk. Nutrients 11
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