June 18: Issue 135
Page 8 - UNLOCKING NUTRITION LABELLING FOR EVERYONE by Helen Pearse
1 IGD’s research included - desk-based research (Summer 2015), in-store interviews and eye tracking (Nov 2015), focus groups (Summer 2016), message testing (Autumn 2016) and IGD ShopperVista surveyed 1700 shoppers during December 2017 and 1700 shoppers during May 2017.
2 Grunert et al (2010)
Page 11 - FIBRE AND INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE by Rebecca Gasche
1 Crohnsandcolitis.org.uk. (2018). Food and IBD | Crohn's & Colitis UK. [online] Available at: https://www.crohnsandcolitis.org.uk/about-inflammatory-bowel-disease/publications/food-and-ibd [Accessed 01 Apr. 2018].
2 nhs.uk. (2018). Inflammatory bowel disease. [online] Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/inflammatory-bowel-disease/ [Accessed 01 Apr. 2018].
3 Nice.org.uk. (2018). Crohn's disease: management | Guidance and guidelines | NICE. [online] Available at: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg152/chapter/Recommendations [Accessed 01 Apr. 2018].
4 Nice.org.uk. (2018). Ulcerative colitis: management | Guidance and guidelines | NICE. [online] Available at: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg166/chapter/1-Recommendations [Accessed 01 Apr. 2018].
5 Knight-Sepulveda K, Kais S, Santaolalla R, Abreu MT. Diet and Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Gastroenterology & Hepatology. 2015;11(8):511-520.
6 A. J. Voitk, V. Echave, and J. H. Feller, “Experience with elemental diet in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Is this primary therapy?” Archives of Surgery, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 329–333, 1973
7 Hunter J. Elemental diet and the nutritional treatment of Crohn’s disease. Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench. 2015;8(1):4-5.
8 Forbes, A., Escher, J., Hébuterne, X., Kłęk, S., Krznaric, Z., Schneider, S., Shamir, R., Stardelova, K., Wierdsma, N., Wiskin, A. and Bischoff, S. (2017). ESPEN guideline: Clinical nutrition in inflammatory bowel disease. Clinical Nutrition, 36(2), pp.321-347.
9 Richman, E. and Rhodes, J. (2013). Review article: evidence-based dietary advice for patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 38(10), pp.1156-1171.
10 Nutrition.org.uk. (2018). [online] Available at: https://www.nutrition.org.uk/attachments/article/881/BNF%20Fibre%20factsheet.pdf [Accessed 01 Apr. 2018].
11 Fiber in the Treatment and Maintenance of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. (2014). Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 20(3), pp.576-586.
12 McKenzie, Y., Alder, A., Anderson, W., Wills, A., Goddard, L., Gulia, P., Jankovich, E., Mutch, P., Reeves, L., Singer, A. and Lomer, M. (2012). British Dietetic Association evidence-based guidelines for the dietary management of irritable bowel syndrome in adults. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 25(3), pp.260-274.
13 Bda.uk.com. (2018). crohnsdisease. [online] Available at: https://www.bda.uk.com/dt/articles/crohnsdisease [Accessed 01 Apr. 2018].
14 Ananthakrishnan AN, Khalili H, Konijeti GG, et al. A prospective study of long-term intake of dietary fiber and risk of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Gastroenterology. 2013;145(5):970–977.
15 Brotherton CS, Taylor AG. Dietary fiber information for individuals with Crohn disease: reports of gastrointestinal effects. Gastroenterol Nurs. 2013;36(5):320–327.
16 Vanhauwaert, E., Matthys, C., Verdonck, L. and De Preter, V. (2015). Low-Residue and Low-Fiber Diets in Gastrointestinal Disease Management. Advances in Nutrition, 6(6), pp.820-827.
Page 17 - WHERE NEXT AFTER PUBLICATION OF IMAP GUIDELINES FOR NON-IGE MEDIATED COW’S MILK ALLERGY? by Dr. Rosan Meyer, Dr. Lisa Waddell and Dr. Carina Venter
1 Venter C et al. Prevalence and cumulative incidence of food hypersensitivity in the first 3 years of life. Allergy, 2008. 63(3): p 354-359
2 Fiocchi A et al. World Allergy Organisation (WAO). Diagnosis and Rationale for Action against Cow's Milk Allergy (DRACMA) Guidelines. Pediatr.Allergy Immunol, 2010. 21 Suppl 21: p 1-125
3 Heine RG. Gastrointestinal food allergies. Chem Immunol Allergy, 2015. 101: p 171-180
4 Sladkevicius E et al. Resource implications and budget impact of managing cow milk allergy in the UK. J Med Econ, 2010. 13(1): p 119-128
5 Venter C et al. Diagnosis and management of non-IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy in infancy - a UK primary care practical guide. Clin Transl Allergy, 2013. 3(1): p 23
6 Venter C et al. Better recognition, diagnosis and management of non-IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy in infancy: iMAP - an international interpretation of the MAP (Milk Allergy in Primary Care) guideline. Clin Transl Allergy, 2017. 7: p 26
7 Chebar Lozinsky A et al. Time to symptom improvement using elimination diets in non-IgE mediated gastrointestinal food allergies. Pediatr Allergy Immunol, 2015. 2(3): p 317-329
8 Luyt D et al. BSACI guideline for the diagnosis and management of cow's milk allergy. Clin.Exp.Allergy, 2014. 44(5): p 642-672
9 Muraro A et al. EAACI food allergy and anaphylaxis guidelines: diagnosis and management of food allergy. Allergy, 2014. 69(8): p 1008-1025
10 Boyce JA et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy in the United States: summary of the NIAID-sponsored expert panel report. Nutr Res., 2011. 31(1): p 61-75
11 Koletzko S et al. Diagnostic Approach and Management of Cow's-Milk Protein Allergy in Infants and Children: ESPGHAN GI Committee Practical Guidelines. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, 2012. 55(2): p 221-229
12 Host A and S Halken. Hypoallergenic formulas - when, to whom and how long: after more than 15 years we know the right indication! Allergy, 2004. 59 Suppl 78: p 45-52
13 Meyer R, Groetch M and Venter C. When Should Infants with Cow's Milk Protein Allergy Use an Amino Acid Formula? A Practical Guide. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract, 2017
14 Nowak-Wegrzyn A et al. International Consensus Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome: Workgroup Report of the Adverse Reactions to Foods Committee, American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. J Allergy Clin Immunol, 2017
15 Lozinsky AC and Morais MB. Eosinophilic colitis in infants. J Pediatr (Rio J), 2014. 90(1): p 16-21
16 Alessandri C et al. Tolerability of a fully maturated cheese in cow's milk allergic children: biochemical, immunochemical, and clinical aspects. PLoS.One, 2012. 7(7): p e40945
17 Uncuoglu A et al. Tolerance to baked and fermented cow's milk in children with IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy in patients under two years of age. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr), 2017. 45(6): p 560-566
18 Athanasopoulou P et al. Use of baked milk challenges and milk ladders in clinical practice: a worldwide survey of healthcare professionals. Clin Exp Allergy, 2017. 47(3): p 135-143
19 England PH. Salt Reduction Targets for 2017. 2017: London
20 World Health Organisation (2016). WHO calls on countries to reduce sugars intake among adults and children
21 Rosen R et al. NASPGHAN-ESPGHAN Guidelines for Evaluation and Treatment of Gastro-Esophageal Reflux in Infants and Children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, 2018. Accepted
Page 21 - BREASTFEEDING AND THE MICROBIOME by Priya Tew
1 Gale C et al (2012). Effect of breastfeeding compared with formula feeding on infant body composition: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr (2012): 95 (3): 656-69.
2 Hill CJ et al (2017). Evolution of gut microbiota composition from birth to 24 weeks in the INFANTMET Cohort). Microbiome 5:4
3 Bäckhed F, Roswall J, Peng Y et al. Dynamics and stabilisation of the human gut microbiome during the first year of life. Cell Host Microbe. 2015; 17: 690-703
5 Pia S (2017). Association between breast milk bacterial communities and establishment and development of the infant gut microbiome. JAMA Pediat 171 (7) 647-654
6 McAndree F et al (2012). Infant Feeding Survey 2010
7 McFadden A et al (2016). Spotlight on infant formula: coordinated global action needed. Lancet 387 (10017): 413-5
8 WHO (2018). WHO and UNICEF issue new guidance to promote breastfeeding in health facilities globally. www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2018/promote-breastfeeding-globally/en/
9 Shim JO (2014). Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr. 17(2): 80-84. Clostridium difficile in Children: To Treat or Not to Treat?
10 Martin R et al (2016). Early-Life Events, Including Mode of Delivery and Type of Feeding, Siblings and Gender, Shape the Developing Gut Microbiota. PLoS One: 11(60)
Page 25 - PRESCRIBING ONS: THE REQUIREMENTS FOR INDIVIDUAL CLINICAL CIRCUMSTANCES by Katherine Sykes
1 NHS England Guidance on Commissioning Excellent Nutrition and Hydration 2015-2018. www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/nut-hyd-guid.pdf
2 NICE, Nutrition support for adults: oral nutrition support, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition - Clinical Guideline 32 (CG32), 2006
3 NICE, Nutrition support in adults - Quality Standard 24 (QS24), 2012
4 Elia M, Russell CA (eds). Combating malnutrition: Recommendations for Action. A report from the Advisory Group on Malnutrition, led by BAPEN, Redditch: BAPEN, 2009
5 Office for National Statistics, Deaths from selected causes, by place of death, England and Wales, 2014 to 2015, December 2016
6 Stratton RJ, Green C and Elia M (2003). Disease-related malnutrition; an evidence-based approach to treatment. Oxford: CABI Publishing
7 EU Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/128 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 609/2013
8 Managing Adult Malnutrition in the Community. Including a pathway for the appropriate use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS). The Malnutrition Pathway produced by a multi-professional consensus panel, May 2012. http://malnutritionpathway.co.uk/downloads/Managing_Malnutrition.pdf
9 BAPEN, Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), 2011
12 NHS Digital. Malnutrition figures by provider, 14 December 2016. http://content.digital.nhs.uk/media/23157/Malnutrition-figures-byprovider/xls/malnutrition_by_provider_suppressed_141216.xlsx (Accessed 12 January 2018)
13 Forgotten not Fixed: A blueprint to tackle the increasing burden of malnutrition in England. BSNA, February 2018. https://bsna.co.uk/pages/bsna-publications
14 Elia M (2015). The cost of malnutrition in England and potential cost savings from nutritional interventions. BAPEN and National Institute for Health Research (NIHRN). www.bapen.org.uk/pdfs/economic-report-short.pdf
15 Sulo S et al. Am Health Drug Benefits, 2017; 10(5): 262-270. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28975010?dm_i=1LY9,58CUD,C4Y1FC,K8HDD,1
16 Weekes CE et al (2009). A review of evidence for the impact of improving nutritional care on nutritional and clinical outcomes and cost. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
17 O’Brien D (in association with the BSNA) (2016). Prescribing Oral Nutritional Supplements. Network Health Digest (NHD), issue 117
18 Stratton R, Green C and Elia M (2003). Disease-related malnutrition; an evidence-based approach to treatment. Oxford: CABI
Page 30 - THE ALKALINE DIET EXAMINED by Maeve Hannan
1 Lewis et al (2014). Medical-Surgical Nursing 10th Edition - chapter 16, Fluid electolyte and acid-base imbalances. https://books.google.co.jp/books?id=f-MCDQAAQBAJ&pg=PA287&lpg=PA287&dq=maintains+pH+between+7.35+and+7.45&source=bl&ots=KKQGuUIsOK&sig=Lfqu6LdG-rtrdKtRnsBaJ4qSCRk&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiz-YnauLHZAhUEwrwKHU7cDbs4ChDoAQhTMAc#v=onepage&q=maintains%20pH%20between%207.35%20and%207.45&f=false
2 Bernard (1857). An Introduction into the Study of Experimental Medicine
3 Bernard (1859). Lecons sur les proprietes physiologiques et les alterations pathologiques des liquides del’organisme
4 Gennari et al (1982). Determinants of plasma bicarbonate concentration and hydrogen ion balance. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4421511/
5 Arunachalam and Woywodt (2010). Turbid urine and beef-eating rabbits: Claude Bernard (1813-78). www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4421511/
6 Tobey (1936). The Question of Acid and Alkali Forming Foods. http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/pdf/10.2105/AJPH.26.11.1113
7 Committee on Nutritional Problems (1936). Food Fallacies and Nutritional Quackery. http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/pdf/10.2105/AJPH.26.3_Suppl.58
8 Foods & Nutrition Encyclopaedia, 2nd Edition - acid foods and alkaline foods. https://books.google.co.jp/books?id=o3UD2iL4sAAC&pg=PA41&lpg=PA41&dq=ash+residue+of+food&source=bl&ots=SxSaTiJQKC&sig=Xkbej3NpKbyhOfpGNK39-1aphZs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiljsLxvbHZAhUEurwKHQlSAHoQ6AEIowEwEQ#v=onepage&q=acid%20foods%20and%20alkaline%20foods&f=false)
9 http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-38650739 [accessed February 2018]. Table 1 adapted from page 6
10 Young RO (2002). The pH miracle. New York: Warner Books, 2002
11 www.phmiracleliving.com/t-food-chart.aspx [accessed February 2018]
12 www.phmiracleliving.com/t-Microscopist-List.aspx [accessed February 2018]
13 www.sandiegouniontribune.com/communities/north-county/sd-no-phmiracle-sentence-20170628-story.html [accessed February 2018]
14 PEN. Diet Composition - Alkaline Diet [accessed via: www.pennutrition.com/KnowledgePathway.aspx?kpid=17944&trid=18054&trcatid=42]
15 www.phmiracleliving.com/t-approach.aspx [accessed February 2018]
16 Robey (2012). Examining the relationship between diet-induced acidosis and cancer. https://nutritionandmetabolism.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-7075-9-72
17 Fenton and Huang (2017). Systematic review of the association between dietary acid load, alkaline water and cancer. http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/6/6/e010438
18 Fenton et al (2011). Causal assessment of dietary acid load and bone disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis applying Hill's epidemiologic criteria for causality. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3114717/
20 Khan et al (2016). Association between dietary acid load and the risk of cardiovascular disease: nationwide surveys (KNHANES 2008–2011). www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5002186/
22 www.asa.org.uk/rulings/b-life-ltd-a17-382805.html [accessed February 2018]
Page 34 - HELPING THOSE WITH DYSPHAGIA AT MEALTIMES by Helen Willis
1 The Knowledge - Dysphagia: The Hard to Swallow Truth, p7
2 Suzanne Higgs and Jason Thomas. ‘Social Influences of Eating’, in Current Opinion of Behavioural Sciences (2015)
Page 35 -MDT WORK: DIABETES IN PRIMARY CARE by Claire Chaudhry
1 Dr Julia Platts. Diabetes delivery in Wales: Refreshed, Journal of Diabetes Nursing, 2017, Volume 21, No 1, page 8&9, available from: www.thejournalofdiabetesnursing.co.uk/media/content/_master/4870/files/pdf/jdn21-1-8-9.pdf (accessed 22nd February 2018)
2 Welsh Government and NHS Wales (2015). A Planned Primary Care Workforce for Wales Approach and development actions to be taken in support of the plan for a primary care service in Wales up to 2018. Welsh Government, available from: http://gov.wales/docs/dhss/publications/151106plannedprimarycareen.pdf (accessed 22nd February 2018)
3 Welsh Government and NHS Wales (2016). Diabetes Delivery Plan for Wales 2016-2020. The best standard of care for everyone with diabetes. Welsh Government, available from: http://bit.ly/2imO9JB (accessed 22nd February 2018)
4 The Association of UK Dietitians, BDA. Dietitians in primary care are......, available from: www.bda.uk.com/professional/influencing/dietitians_primary_care (accessed 22nd February 2018)
5 The association of UK Dietitians, BDA. Dietitians in primary care, available from:www.bda.uk.com/professional/influencing/dietitians_primary_care , (accessed 22nd February 2018)
6 Dr Trudi Deakin. X-PERT health, available from: www.xperthealth.org.uk/ (accessed 22nd February 2018)
7 Eli Lilly and Company. Lilly Diabetes, available from: www.lillydiabetes.co.uk/HCP/Home.aspx, (accessed 22nd February 2018)
8 Mike E J Lean and Roy Taylor et al. Primary care-led weight management for remission of Type 2 diabetes (DiRECT): an open-label, cluster- randomised trial, The Lancet, December 5th 2017, available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(17)33102-1 (accessed 22nd February 2018)
9 Diabetes UK, March 2018. Evidence-based Nutrition guidelines for the prevention and management of diabetes, available from: https://diabetes-resources-production.s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/resources-s3/2018-03/1373_Nutrition%20guidelines_0.pdf (accessed 25th April 2018)
10 Diabetes UK (2014). The Cost of Diabetes report, available from: www.diabetes.org.uk/resources-s3/2017-11/diabetes%20uk%20cost%20of%20diabetes%20report.pdf (accessed 25th April 2018)
11 Portsmouth NHS Hospital Trust. NHS, Portsmouth Hospitals, NHS trust, available from www.porthosp.nhs.uk/departments/Diabetes-and-Endocrinology/super-six-diabetes-model.htm. (accessed 22nd February 2018)
12 1000 Lives. NHS Wales Informatics service, available from: www.1000livesplus.wales.nhs.uk/prudent-healthcare (accessed 25th April 2018)