References June 24 - issue 190


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  1. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Food allergy. Quality Standard (QS118). 2016. Available from:
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by Vanessa Rojas El Yammouni, RD

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    1. The National Minimum Standards for Care Homes for Older people. Department of Health 2003 edition
    2. Care Quality Commission CQC Regulation 14: Meeting Nutritional and Hydration Needs
    3. Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool MUST
    4. Launch of the National Advisory Panel on Care Home Diabetes. Journal of Diabetes Nursing Volume 26 No 3 2022
    5. International Dysphagia Diet Standardisation Initiative IDDSI



    6. Thomson KH et al (2022). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of oral nutritional supplements in frail older people who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    7. Food Standards Agency 14 Allergens
    8. Rotherham Doncaster and South Humber Foundation NHS Trust online training:
    9. Locala Care Home Support Team Resource Pack
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  4. Kuypers AM, Evers-van Vliet K, MacDonald A, Ahring K, Abeln D, Ford S, Heiner-Fokkema MR (2024). Satisfaction with home blood sampling methods and expectations for future point-of-care testing in phenylketonuria: Perspectives from patients and professionals. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, 108361.


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Also: Saboya PP, Bodanese LC, Zimmermann PR, Gustavo AD, Macagnan FE, Feoli AP & Oliveira MD (2017). Lifestyle intervention on metabolic syndrome and its impact on quality of life: A randomised controlled trial. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, 108 (1), 60-69

THE LAST WORD by Fareeha Jay, RD

  1. Mikulska P, Malinowska M, Ignacyk M, Szustowski P, Nowak J, Pesta K, Szeląg M, Szklanny D, Judasz E, Kaczmarek G, Ejiohuo OP, Paczkowska-Walendowska M, Gościniak A, Cielecka-Piontek J. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)-Current Research on the Health-Promoting Activities: A Narrative Review. Pharmaceutics. 2023 Mar 24;15(4):1057. doi: 10.3390/pharmaceutics15041057. PMID: 37111543; PMCID: PMC10147008
  2. Mandlik Ingawale DS, Namdeo AG. Pharmacological evaluation of Ashwagandha highlighting its healthcare claims, safety, and toxicity aspects. J Diet Suppl 2021; 18:183-226
  3. Singh N, Bhalla M, de Jager P, Gilca M. An overview on ashwagandha: a Rasayana (rejuvenator) of Ayurveda. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2011;8(5 Suppl):208-13. doi: 10.4314/ajtcam. v8i5S.9. Epub 2011 Jul 3. PMID: 22754076; PMCID: PMC3252722
  4. Kumar V et al (2015). Chemistry and pharmacology of withania somnifera: An update. Available at:
  5. Bhatnagar M, Sharma D, Salvi M. Neuroprotective effects of Withania somnifera dunal: A possible mechanism. Neurochem Res. 2009 Nov;34(11):1975-83. doi: 10.1007/s11064-009-9987-7. Epub 2009 May 15. PMID: 19444606
  6. Akhgarjand C, Asoudeh F, Bagheri A, Kalantar Z, Vahabi Z, Shab-Bidar S, Rezvani H, Djafarian K. Does Ashwagandha supplementation have a beneficial effect on the management of anxiety and stress? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Phytother Res. 2022 Nov;36(11):4115-4124. doi: 10.1002/ptr.7598. Epub 2022 Aug 25. PMID: 36017529
  7. Sahar Ashraf, Kaushal Shah, Kapil Aedma, Zeeshan Mansuri, Shailesh Jain, 0694 Safety and Efficacy of Ashwagandha for sleep: A Systematic Review, Sleep, Volume 45, Issue Supplement_1, June 2022, p A303-A305,
  8. Kaushik MK, Kaul SC, Wadhwa R, Yanagisawa M, Urade Y. Triethylene glycol, an active component of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) leaves, is responsible for sleep induction. PLoS One. 2017 Feb 16;12(2): e0172508. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172508. PMID: 28207892; PMCID: PMC5313221
  9. Deepak L, Vaishali T, Subodh K and Sunil K (2021). Clinical evaluation of the pharmacological impact of ashwagandha root extract on sleep in healthy volunteers and insomnia patients: A double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study,Journal of Ethnopharmacology,Availaible at :
  10. Durg S, Bavage S, Shivaram SB. Withania somnifera (Indian ginseng) in diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis of scientific evidence from experimental research to clinical application. Phytother Res. 2020 May;34(5):1041-1059. doi: 10.1002/ptr.6589. Epub 2020 Jan 23. PMID: 31975514
  11. Elgar K (2021). Ashwagandha: A review of clinical use and efficacy. Nutrition Medical Journal. 00 68-78 . Available at: