References May 2022 - issue 172


  1. Evelyn Tribole (2018). What is Intuitive Eating? Available at:
  2. Hazzard et al (2021). Intuitive eating longitudinally predicts better psychological health and lower use of disordered eating behaviours: findings from EAT 2010-2018. Eat Weight Disord. (1):287-294. doi: 10.1007/s40519-020-00852-4
  3. Ciampolini et al (2010). Sustained self-regulation of energy intake: initial hunger improves insulin sensitivity. J Nutr Metab. 286952. doi: 10.1155/2010/28695-4

by Farihah Choudhury ANutr

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  3. Uay (2007) Understanding public health nutrition. Available:
  4. ONS (2016) Percentage of girls under 16 and under 18 becoming pregnant, England and Wales, 1969 to 2014 Available:
  5. University of Cambridge (2020) Townscapes: 4. England’s Health Inequalities Available:
  6. UK (2020) Health matters: public health issues. Available:
  7. UK (2016) Health matters: harmful drinking and alcohol dependence. Available:
  8. NHS Digital (2019) Alcohol. Available:
  9. RSPH (2019) Top 20 public health achievements of the 21st century. Available:
  10. UK (2017) Health matters: child dental health. Preventing tooth decay Available:
  11. Public Health England (2019). Sugar reduction: Report on progress between 2015 and 2018. Sept 2019.
  12. Breastfeeding rates in the UK. Available:
  13. Government White Paper. Levelling Up the United Kingdom. 2 February 2022

INSULIN RESISTANCE by Vanessa Rojas El Yammouni, RD

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  7. Caro J. Insulin resistance in obese and nonobese man. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1991; 73: 691
  8. Kulkarni RN. The islet betal-cell. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2004; 36:365-71. Available from:
  9. Festa A y col. Differences in insulin resistance in nondiabetic subjects with isolated impaired glucose tolerance or isolated impaired fasting glucose. Diabetes. 2004; 53: 1549-1555
  10. Andrea M Caricilli, Mario JA Saad. The Role of Gut Microbiota on Insulin Resistance. 2013 Mar; 5(3): 829-851. Available from:
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  15. Ferrannini E y col. Predominant role of reduced ß-cell sensitivity to glucose over insulin resistance in impaired glucose tolerance. Diabetologia. 2003; 46: 1211-1219. Available from:
  16. Mario B and Ligia J D. Magnesium and type 2 diabetes. World Journal of Diabetes. 2015 Aug 25; 6(10): 1152-1157. Available from:
  17. Davis N, Tomuta N, Schechter C, Isasi C, Segal-Isaacson C, Stein D, Zonszein J, Wylie-Rosett J. Comparative study of the effects of a 1-year dietary intervention of a low-carbohydrate diet versus a low-fat diet on weight and glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2009; 32: 1147-1152. Available from:

by Magdalena Marciniak, RD

  1. Qin J, Li R, Raes J, Arumugam M, Burgdorf KS, Manichanh C, Nielsen T, Pons N, Levenez F, Yamada T, Mende DR, Li J, Xu J, Li S, Li D, Cao J, Wang B, Liang H, Zheng H, Xie Y, Wang J (2010). A human gut microbial gene catalogue established by metagenomic sequencing. Nature, 464 (7285), 59-65.
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  7. Tilg H, Moschen AR (2014). Microbiota and diabetes: an evolving relationship. Gut, 63(9): 1513-21. doi:1136/gutjnl-2014-306928
  8. Blaser MJ, Perez-Perez GI, Kleanthous H, Cover TL, Peek RM, Chyou PH, Stemmermann GN, Nomura A (1995). Infection with Helicobacter pylori strains possessing cagA is associated with an increased risk of developing adenocarcinoma of the stomach. Cancer research, 55(10), 2111-2115
  9. McFarland LV (2006). Meta-analysis of probiotics for the prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhea and the treatment of Clostridium difficile disease. The American journal of gastroenterology, 101(4), 812-822.
  10. Valles-Colomer M, Falony G, Darzi Y, Tigchelaar EF, Wang J, Tito RY, Schiweck C, Kurilshikov A, Joossens M, Wijmenga C, Claes S, Van Oudenhove L, Zhernakova A, Vieira-Silva S, Raes J (2019). The neuroactive potential of the human gut microbiota in quality of life and depression. Nature microbiology, 4(4), 623-632.
  11. Magill SS, O'Leary E, Janelle SJ, Thompson DL, Dumyati G, Nadle J, Wilson LE, Kainer MA, Lynfield R, Greissman S, Ray SM, Beldavs Z, Gross C, Bamberg W, Sievers M, Concannon C, Buhr N, Warnke L, Maloney M, Ocampo V. Emerging Infections Program Hospital Prevalence Survey Team (2018). Changes in Prevalence of Health Care-Associated Infections in US Hospitals. The New England journal of medicine, 379(18), 1732-1744.
  12. Khanna S, Pardi DS, Aronson, S. L., Kammer, P. P., Orenstein, R., St Sauver, J. L., Harmsen, W. S., & Zinsmeister, A. R. (2012). The epidemiology of community-acquired Clostridium difficile infection: a population-based study.The American journal of gastroenterology107(1), 89–95.
  13. Manichanh, C., Borruel, N., Casellas, F., & Guarner, F. (2012). The gut microbiota in IBD.Nature reviews. Gastroenterology & hepatology9(10), 599–608.
  14. Menni, C., Jackson, M. A., Pallister, T., Steves, C. J., Spector, T. D., & Valdes, A. M. (2017). Gut microbiome diversity and high-fibre intake are related to lower long-term weight gain.International journal of obesity (2005)41(7), 1099–1105.
  15. Goodrich, J. K., Waters, J. L., Poole, A. C., Sutter, J. L., Koren, O., Blekhman, R., Beaumont, M., Van Treuren, W., Knight, R., Bell, J. T., Spector, T. D., Clark, A. G., & Ley, R. E. (2014). Human genetics shape the gut microbiome.Cell159(4), 789–799.
  16. Beaumont, M., Goodrich, J.K., Jackson, al.(2016). Heritable components of the human fecal microbiome are associated with visceral fat. Genome Biol 17,
  17. Tilg H., Moschen A.R. (2014). Microbiota and diabetes: an evolving relationship. Gut, 63(9):1513-21. doi:1136/gutjnl-2014-306928
  18. Leeming E.R, Johnson A.J, Spector T. (2019). Effect of Diet on the Gut Microbiota: Rethinking Intervention Duration. Nutrients, 11(12):2862. doi:3390/nu11122862
  19. Spector, T., Asnicar, F., Berry, S., Valdes, A., Franks, P., Wolf, J., Hadjigeorgiou, G., Roy, C. L., Leeming, E., Drew, D., Nguyen, L., Mazidi, M., Chan, A., & Segata, N. (2020). Microbiome Signatures of Nutrients, Foods and Dietary Patterns: Potential for Personalized Nutrition from The PREDICT 1 Study. Current Developments in Nutrition4(Suppl 2), 1587.
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  22. Fung T.T, McCullough M.L, Newby P.K et al. (2005). Diet-quality scores and plasma concentrations of markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 82(1):163-73. doi:1093/ajcn/82.1.163
  23. Berry S., Ordovas J., Asnicar F. et al. (2020). Influence of Gut Microbial Communities on Fasting and Postprandial Lipids and Circulating Metabolites: The PREDICT 1 Study. Current Developments in Nutrition. 4(s2):1547. doi:1093/cdn/nzaa062_004
  24. Maier, L., & Typas, A. (2017). Systematically investigating the impact of medication on the gut microbiome. Current opinion in microbiology39, 128–135.
  25. Thomson, C., Garcia, A., Edwards,C. (2021). Interactions between dietary fibre and the gut microbiota. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 80(4), 398-408. doi:10.1017/S0029665121002834
  26. Beam, A., Clinger, E., & Hao, L. (2021). Effect of Diet and Dietary Components on the Composition of the Gut Microbiota.Nutrients13(8), 2795.
  27. Tebani, A., & Bekri, S. (2019). Paving the Way to Precision Nutrition Through Metabolomics.Frontiers in nutrition6, 41.
  28. Liu, F., Li, P., Chen, M., Luo, Y., Prabhakar, M., Zheng, H., He, Y., Qi, Q., Long, H., Zhang, Y., Sheng, H., & Zhou, H. (2017). Fructooligosaccharide (FOS) and Galactooligosaccharide (GOS) Increase Bifidobacterium but Reduce Butyrate Producing Bacteria with Adverse Glycemic Metabolism in healthy young population.Scientific reports7(1), 11789.
  29. Zierer, J., Jackson, M. A., Kastenmüller, G., Mangino, M., Long, T., Telenti, A., Mohney, R. P., Small, K. S., Bell, J. T., Steves, C. J., Valdes, A. M., Spector, T. D., & Menni, C. (2018). The fecal metabolome as a functional readout of the gut microbiome.Nature genetics50(6), 790–795.
  30. McDonald, D., Hyde, E., Debelius, J. W., Morton, J. T., Gonzalez, A., Ackermann, G., Aksenov, A. A., Behsaz, B., Brennan, C., Chen, Y., DeRight Goldasich, L., Dorrestein, P. C., Dunn, R. R., Fahimipour, A. K., Gaffney, J., Gilbert, J. A., Gogul, G., Green, J. L., Hugenholtz, P., Humphrey, G., … Knight, R. (2018). American Gut: an Open Platform for Citizen Science Microbiome Research.mSystems3(3), e00031-18.
  31. Tun, H. M., Konya, T., Takaro, T. K., Brook, J. R., Chari, R., Field, C. J., Guttman, D. S., Becker, A. B., Mandhane, P. J., Turvey, S. E., Subbarao, P., Sears, M. R., Scott, J. A., Kozyrskyj, A. L., & CHILD Study Investigators (2017). Exposure to household furry pets influences the gut microbiota of infant at 3-4 months following various birth scenarios.Microbiome5(1), 40.

by Kelly Light, ANutr

  1. Minkin MJ (2019). Menopause: Hormones, Lifestyle, and Optimizing Aging. Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America, 46(3), 501-514.
  2. – NHS (2020). Menopause.
  3. - Ko SH and Kim HS (2020). Menopause-Associated Lipid Metabolic Disorders and Foods Beneficial for Postmenopausal Women. Nutrients, 12(1), 202.
  4. Memon FR, Jonker L and Qazi RA (2014). Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions towards menopause among highly educated Asian women in their midlife. Post Reproductive Health, 20(4), 138-142.
  5. - Kwak EK, Park HS and Kang NM (2014). Menopause Knowledge, Attitude, Symptom and Management among Midlife Employed Women. Journal of menopausal medicine, 20(3), 118-125.
  6. – Patel V, Koshy S, Ravindra HN (2014). Effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding menopausal symptoms and its management among women. IOSR J NursHealth Sci, 3, 22-6
  7. – CIPD (nd). Let’s talk menopause.
  8. – BDA (2019). Menopause and diet.
  9. -Mastorakos G, Valsamakis G, Paltoglou G, Creatsas G (2010). Management of obesity in menopause: diet, exercise, pharmacotherapy and bariatric surgery. Maturitas, 65(3), 219-224
  10. - Rizzoli R, Bischoff-Ferrari H, Dawson-Hughes B, Weaver C (2014). Nutrition and Bone Health in Women after the Menopause. Women’s Health, 599-608.

by Rebecca Gasche, RD

  1. Coeliac UK (no date). About Coeliac Disease. Retrieved from
  2. Biesiekierski J (2017). What is gluten? Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 32, p78-81
  3. Lomer M and Stuart A (2014). Advanced nutrition and dietetics in gastroenterology. Chichester, England: Wiley Blackwell
  4. Coeliac UK (no date). Conditions Linked to Coeliac Disease. Retrieved from
  5. Zelnik N, Pacht A, Obeid R et al (2004). Range of neurologic disorders in patients with celiac disease. Pediatrics 113, 1672-1676
  6. Coeliac UK (no date). Neurological Conditions. Retrieved from
  7. Fasano A (2003). Celiac disease: how to handle a clinical chameleon. New Engl J Med 348, 2568-2570
  8. Hadjivassiliou M, Martindale J, Shanmugarajah P, Grünewald RA, Sarrigiannis PG, Beauchamp N, Garrard K, Warburton R, Sanders DS, Friend D, Duty S, Taylor J, Hoggard N (2017). Causes of progressive cerebellar ataxia: prospective evaluation of 1500 patients. Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry, 88(4), 301-309.
  9. Cicarelli G, Della Rocca G, Amboni M, Ciacci C, Mazzacca G, Filla A, Barone P (2003). Clinical and neurological abnormalities in adult celiac disease. Neurol Sci. 2003 Dec; 24(5): 311-7
  10. Campagna G, Pesce M, Tatangelo R, Rizzuto A, La Fratta I, Grilli A (2017). The progression of coeliac disease: Its neurological and psychiatric implications. Nutrition Research Reviews, 30(1), 25-35. doi:10.1017/S0954422416000214)
  11. Hadjivassiliou M, Rao DG, Grìnewald RA, Aeschlimann DP, Sarrigiannis PG, Hoggard N, Aeschlimann P, Mooney PD, Sanders DS (2016). Neurological Dysfunction in Coeliac Disease and Non-Coeliac Gluten Sensitivity. The American journal of gastroenterology, 111(4), 561-567.
  12. Boscolo S, Lorenzon A, Sblattero D, Florian F, Stebel M, Marzari R, Not T, Aeschlimann D, Ventura A, Hadjivassiliou M, Tongiorgi E(2010). Anti-transglutaminase antibodies cause ataxia in mice. E PLoS One, 5(3): e9698
  13. National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (2015). Coeliac disease: recognition, assessment and management NICE guideline [NG20]. Retrieved from
  14. Hadjivassiliou M, Mäki M, Sanders DS et al (2006). Autoantibody targeting of brain and intestinal transglutaminase in gluten ataxia. Neurology 66, 373-377
  15. Kaplan JG, Pack D, Horoupian D, DeSouza T, Brin M, Schaumburg H (1988). Distal axonopathy associated with chronic gluten enteropathy: a treatable disorder. Neurology, 38(4): 642-5
  16. Luostarinen L, Himanen SL, Luostarinen M, Collin P, Pirttilä TJ (2003). Neuromuscular and sensory disturbances in patients with well treated coeliac disease. Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, 74(4): 490-4
  17. Tursi A, Giorgetti GM, Iani C et al (2006). Peripheral neurological disturbances, autonomic dysfunction, and antineuronal antibodies in adult coeliac disease before and after a gluten-free diet. Dig Dis Sci 51, 1869-1874
  18. Bürk K, Melms A, Schulz JB, Dichgans J (2001). Effectiveness of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in cerebellar ataxia associated with gluten sensitivity. Ann Neurol; 50: 827-8
  19. Anandacoomaraswamy D, Ullal J, Vinik AI (2008). A 70-year-old male with peripheral neuropathy, ataxia and antigliadin antibodies shows improvement in neuropathy, but not ataxia, after intravenous immunoglobulin and gluten-free diet. J Multidiscip Healthc; 1: 93-6
  20. Du Y, Shan LF, Cao ZZ, Feng JC and Cheng Y (2017). Prevalence of coeliac disease in patients with Down syndrome: a meta-analysis. Oncotarget, 9(4), 5387-5396.
  21. l-Bluwi Ghada SM, Al-Nababteh Asma H, Östlundh Linda, Al-Shamsi Saif, Al-Rifai Rami H (2021). Prevalence of Coeliac Disease in Patients with Turner Syndrome: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Frontiers in Medicine. Vol 8. DOI=10.3389/fmed.2021.674896

by Laury Sellem BSc, MSc, PhD candidate

  1. Denke MA (2001). Metabolic effects of high-protein, low-carbohydrate diets. American Journal of Cardiology 88: 59-61.
  2. The History of Low Carb – Dietetically Speaking. Accessed 12 Apr 2022
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  4. Clinical Uses for Low-Carbohydrate Diets – Dietetically Speaking. Accessed 12 Apr 2022
  5. Fitzgerald M (2014). Diet Cults. Simon and Schuster
  6. Goldenberg JZ, Day A, Brinkworth GD et al (2021). Efficacy and safety of low- and very low-carbohydrate diets for type 2 diabetes remission: systematic review and meta-analysis of published and unpublished randomised trial data. BMJ 372:m4743.
  7. Snorgaard O, Poulsen GM, Andersen HK, Astrup A (2017). Systematic review and meta-analysis of dietary carbohydrate restriction in patients with type 2 diabetes. BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care 5:e000354.
  8. Low-carbohydrate diets for the management of Type 2 Diabetes in adults. Accessed 12 Apr 2022
  9. Ruan Y, Chen L, She D et al (2022). Ketogenic diet for epilepsy: an overview of systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Clin Nutr 1–11.
  10. CVD STATISTICS – BHF UK FACTSHEET (2018). British Heart Foundation, London, UK
  11. Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) (2019) Report on Saturated fats and health.
  12. Griffin BA, Mensink RP, Lovegrove JA (2021). Does variation in serum LDL-cholesterol response to dietary fatty acids help explain the controversy over fat quality and cardiovascular disease risk? Atherosclerosis 328: 108-113.
  13. Buttriss JL (2016). The Eatwell Guide refreshed. Nutrition Bulletin 41:135-141.
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  16. Aune D, Chan DSM, Lau R et al (2011). Dietary fibre, wholegrains and risk of colorectal cancer: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. BMJ 343:d6617.
  17. Ojo O, Feng Q-Q, Ojo OO, Wang X-H (2020). The Role of Dietary Fibre in Modulating Gut Microbiota Dysbiosis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials. Nutrients 12:E3239.
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  22. Blanco Mejia S, Messina M, Li SS et al (2019). A Meta-Analysis of 46 Studies Identified by the FDA Demonstrates that Soy Protein Decreases Circulating LDL and Total Cholesterol Concentrations in Adults. J Nutr 149: 968-981.
  23. Demonty I, Ras RT, van der Knaap HCM et al (2009). Continuous dose-response relationship of the LDL-cholesterol-lowering effect of phytosterol intake. J Nutr 139: 271-284.
  24. Public Health England (2021). McCance and Widdowson’s The Composition of Foods Integrated Dataset (CoFID) 2021.
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by Sandra Robinson, HCPCReg, MRCSLT, MASLTIP

  1. Leslie P, Carding PN, Wilson JA (2003). Investigation and management of chronic dysphagia. BMJ 326, 433-436.
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  4. Pitts T, Rose MJ, Mortensen AN, Poliacek I, Sapienza CM, Lindsey BG, Morris KF, Davenport PW, Bolser DC (2013). Coordination of cough and swallow: A meta-behavioral response to aspiration. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 189, 543-551.
  5. Chang C-Y, Cheng T-J, Lin C-Y, Chen J-Y, Lu T-H, Kawachi I (2013). Reporting of Aspiration Pneumonia or Choking as a Cause of Death in Patients who Died with Stroke. Stroke 44, 1182-1185.
  6. Rosenbek JC, Robbins JA, Roecker EB, Coyle JL, Wood JL (1996). A penetration-aspiration scale. Dysphagia 11, 93-98.
  7. Bath PM, Lee HS, Everton LF (2018). Swallowing therapy for dysphagia in acute and subacute stroke. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
  8. Gleeson K, Maxwell SL, Eggli DF (1997). Quantitative Aspiration During Sleep in Normal Subjects. CHEST 111, 1266-1272.
  9. Bock JM, Varadarajan V, Brawley MC, Blumin JH (2017). Evaluation of the natural history of patients who aspirate. The Laryngoscope 127, S1-S10.
  10. Rosenbek JC et al (1996)
  11. Hårdemark cedborg AI, Bodén K, Witt Hedström H, Kuylenstierna R, Ekberg O, Eriksson LI, Sundman E (2010). Breathing and swallowing in normal man – effects of changes in body position, bolus types and respiratory drive: coordination of breathing and swallowing. Neurogastroenterology & Motility 22, 1201-e316.
  12. Gaeckle M, Domahs F, Kartmann A, Tomandl B, Frank U (2019). Predictors of Penetration-Aspiration in Parkinson’s Disease Patients with Dysphagia: A Retrospective Analysis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 128, 728-735.
  13. Pitts T, Rose MJ, Mortensen AN, Poliacek I, Sapienza CM, Lindsey BG, Morris KF, Davenport PW, Bolser DC (2013). Coordination of cough and swallow: A meta-behavioral response to aspiration. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 189, 543-551.
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  23. Logemann JA, Gensler G, Robbins JA, Lindblad AS, Brandt D, Hind J A, Kosek S, Dikeman K, Kazandjian M, Gramigna GD, Lundy D, McGarvey-Toler S, Miller Gardner PJ (2008). A Randomised Study of Three Interventions for Aspiration of Thin Liquids in Patients with Dementia or Parkinson’s Disease. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 51, 173-183.
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by Hazel Windsor-Aubrey, RD

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CONNECTED HEALTH: THE ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY by Dawn Watson, Lead clinical application specialist at Tunstall Healthcare

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by Professor Mary Hickson, RD

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  5. Margetts BM, Thompson RL, Elia M et al (2003). Prevalence of risk of undernutrition is associated with poor health status in older people in the UK. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 69-74